An introduction to the maintenance of enterprise machinery and equipment and maintenance

Abstract

With the increasingly fierce competition in the market and the further deepening of enterprise reform, the role of production machinery and equipment in modern enterprises has been particularly prominent, and the maintenance of machinery and equipment in the enterprise has also received more and more attention.

From the point of view of the whole life cycle of the equipment, the use, maintenance and maintenance phase of the equipment accounts for the majority of the total life cycle of the equipment, and is the real play and embody the value of the equipment to ensure the stage. The article first studied how to carry out equipment maintenance, and then discussed the benefits of maintenance to machinery and equipment.

The maintenance of machinery and equipment is the central part of enterprise production, and the quality of its work will directly affect the production efficiency and reputation of the enterprise. Correct maintenance of equipment can reduce the number of downtime due to equipment failure, provide assurance for the operation speed of equipment and product quality, can also extend the service life of the equipment, so that the development of enterprises and equipment operation in a virtuous cycle.

How to carry out maintenance of machinery and equipment

For each enterprise, to improve the market competitiveness of enterprises in the market economy, it is necessary to have high construction efficiency and high economic efficiency. Machinery maintenance can improve efficiency, but how to ensure efficiency in the use of the premise of the lowest cost of repair and maintenance, and ultimately achieve the best economic benefits of enterprises, after practice and exploration concluded that how to do a good job of maintenance work, the author believes that the following points.

  1. raise awareness and clarify the principles of mandatory maintenance.

The so-called mandatory maintenance, is the maintenance of the mandatory provisions, must be carried out on time, never because of production tensions and not arrange time, personnel for maintenance. Mechanical equipment integrity and service life, to a large extent determined by the maintenance of good or bad.
  

  1. To establish a sound maintenance system and reasonably determine the maintenance cycle.

Enterprises should take regular maintenance, maintenance, inspection (spot check) system, the implementation of “maintenance and repair, prevention-oriented” policy, the strict implementation of scheduled maintenance, regular maintenance, patrol network maintenance and three-level maintenance system, and according to the implementation of maintenance procedures at all levels, low-level maintenance by the operator, high-level maintenance by maintenance personnel and full-time maintenance personnel together Carry out.

At the same time, the maintenance cycle should be based on the actual situation of the use of machinery and equipment maintenance, the collection of various data on the use of maintenance, analysis of the use of machinery and equipment subsystems standards, the law of failure and other factors to determine.

3.Strengthen the technical management of machinery and equipment maintenance.

Production such as heavy tasks, time is tight and has a strong seasonality, strengthen the maintenance of machinery and equipment and timely maintenance is particularly prominent.

First, strengthen maintenance, to ensure that the technical condition of the equipment is good, to establish the “on-time maintenance, maintenance by level, according to the maintenance” idea, highlighting the “scientific, mandatory, foreseeable”, to prevent problems before they occur.

Secondly, careful repair to ensure timely repair of equipment. In addition, strengthen communication with equipment manufacturers to establish a friendly and collaborative relationship.

Finally, the technical maintenance on the institutionalization, standardization.

Benefits of maintenance of machinery and equipment

In the current market economy, the competition between enterprises is increasing, and modern equipment is capital-intensive equipment, equipment investment and use costs are very expensive, construction companies pay attention to the operating effect, the urgent need to improve the effectiveness of equipment management. Only to improve the maintenance of machinery and equipment, improve equipment availability, utilization and productivity, reduce the cost of maintenance and other abnormal expenses during the life cycle of equipment, reduce the cost of use.

Extend the service life, in order to further improve the investment benefits. From the surface of the enterprise to pay funds to maintain the maintenance of machinery and equipment, but from the big picture and long-term interests have the following points.

  1. simple technical requirements for maintenance and low costs.

At the same time to ensure the normal operation of the equipment, reduce the wear and tear of parts and components to extend the service life of the equipment, especially for large, imported and other major machinery, must strengthen the necessary technical maintenance operations to eliminate the potential for failure, to ensure the normal operation of equipment.

  1. The shorter the service life of the equipment, the higher the reliability, the longer the service life, the lower the reliability.

The lower the reliability that mechanical equipment is prone to failure, the more serious the tangible wear and tear of the equipment, the greater the cost to repair it.

Modern machinery and equipment is capital-intensive equipment, equipment investment and use costs are very expensive, the urgent need for economic benefits of equipment management. Therefore, through the maintenance of equipment and maintenance to reduce the tangible wear and tear of equipment, reduce the cost of maintenance and other abnormal expenses during the life cycle of the equipment.

Make the enterprise more scientific and reasonable allocation of limited resources, while achieving the purpose of “cutting costs, open source”. Otherwise, the equipment should be repaired or replaced, which undoubtedly increases the cost of enterprises, affecting the economic benefits of enterprise resources, more likely to affect the production at any time, and even affect the reputation and credibility of enterprises.

Mechanical equipment as one of the three elements of enterprise production, is the material guarantee of survival and development of enterprises, and to have intact equipment, to ensure the normal operation of equipment, it is necessary to start from the management, only to improve the level of equipment management, develop and improve their own equipment management system, clear management requirements, optimize the management process, in order to ensure good and fast sustainable development of enterprises.

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